There can be no doubt that while using the Internet you must have heard the term IP address, but unless you happen to be tech savvy, you might not have very detailed knowledge as to how it works except some vague notion of IP address. Now let’s have a better understanding of the concept.
The IP addressing is highly sophisticated techniques that allow various devices their distinct identity over the network and flawlessly communicate with each other. The IP address allows the billions of devices connected through the network to be physically located and differentiated from one another by unique IP address assigned to each device. The IP address serve just like a physical address, and the computer need the IP address of other computers to communicate with each other.
The IP literally means Internet Protocol and therefore, an IP address is the address of the Internet protocols. Didn’t get it? Don’t worry; the Internet protocols are basically rules that are universally adhered to by the operating systems across the world to facilitate a number of activities on the World Wide Web. The Internet protocol address is thus part of the interconnected grid that are universally designed for systematic communication across the connected devices by identifying the initiating devices and other Internet destinations.
The IP address contains four sets of numbers separated by the single period (.). Each set has three digits that range from 0 to 255. A typical IP address can look like 126.96.36.199. These sets of four digits assign the devices with unique IP address that makes it possible for devices to get a unique identity over the Internet and empower us to communicate by sending and receiving data and information to desired destinations. Without these numeric identities, it would be impossible to communicate over the World Wide Web and accurately send and receive information to the correct destination.
There can be two kinds of IP addresses, static and dynamic. The static IP addresses, as they literally mean, never change and remain static. The static IP addresses provide permanent address and reliably allow communicating and remotely connecting to other computers. The static IP address assigned by the Internet Service Provider expose the basic information regarding the identity of the device such as ISP, city, region, country and other technical information concerning latitude and longitude of the particular device. There are many websites that provide free checking facilities for user’s IP address. You can search for these websites on Google and can get your IP address by simply visiting the websites.
The Dynamic IP addresses are assigned each time the computer or devices are connected to the Internet using services from any Internet service provider. They represent one of the IP addresses that are shared among a number of Internet users. The Internet Service Providers use dynamic addresses by sharing the same address among a number of their subscribers due to limited availability of the static address. The dynamic addresses not only lower the operating costs but also allow them to serve more subscribers.
The users prefer static IP address when they have to provide a permanent IP address for using services such as online gaming, VOIP [Voice over Internet Protocol] and many others that require device recognition for locating and connecting to the computer.
Even when you are using dynamic IP address, which are temporary and one-time address, you can use the DNS service to allow easy access to other computers to find and connect you. You should check this facility with your Internet Service Provider as it might require extra charges.
Contrary to static IP addresses, the dynamic IP addresses are very hard to track and thus provide safeguards against data mining. However, the security risk involved with the static IP address can be effectively handled by following safe Internet practices irrespective of the IP address used for Internet service.